عنوان مقاله [English]
Terrorism is an important concept in the international arena, which, due to conceptual and referential complexities, is hard to define. The definitions given for terrorism and its dimensions, rather than being based on objectivity and acceptance of the dichotomy of value / reality, are discursive and media products. In such circumstances in which we are facing with meaning crisis in defining terrorism, several basic questions can be posed: What distinguishes terrorism from other forms of violent conflicts? Why are the violent acts of some countries or groups considered as terroristic and those of other countries or groups as anti-terroristic? Why are some groups or individuals sometimes introduced as “freedom fighters” and at other times and other political circumstances, with the same extremist ideology, as “terrorists”? This paper is to explain the main problems of process of conceptualization of terrorism according to official political discourse and scientific-academic discourse.