عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the ideas infiltrating into the Islamic world in the past hundred years is the idea of intellectualism which claims that man’s self-centered reason can solve all the theoretical and practical problems and make him independent of supernatural and revelational teachings. This thinking influenced on some Muslim scholars who tried to interpret and explain some religious teachings, and in some cases narrations and verses, on the basis of experiential reason and scientific experiments. In fact, they supposed they were compromising text with reason. In this paper, I will try study the position of Najaf seminary school in this respect. Thus, I will first refer to some repudiational reactions of Najaf schools against the Age of Enlightenment. Then, the contributions of Shahid Sadr, who organized the seminaries on the basis of Alavid legacy and presented some innovations to the Islamic world, will be mentioned as an affirmative sample. In general, the paper is to show how seminary intellectualism can be distinguished from Western intellectualism.