عنوان مقاله [English]
The human with a social nature constantly seeks for happiness and perfection. He is in need of a favorite ground to reach his supreme goals. The society on the light of wisdom would be the best condition towards the advent of potential talents; accordingly, the human can achieve his highest humanistic perfections.
Plato stated the issue of ideal city or utopia to actualize these very talents. After him, Farabi, the founder of Islamic philosophy, mentioned the idea of utopia in favor of the development of humanistic states through the sources of revelation and the instructions of Islam.
In fact, all the concern of Plato and Farabi is the people’s achieving a real bliss reliant on the prevalence of wisdom among them.
The present article clarifies the identity of utopia to the various levels of people of this ideal city in view of these two philosophers and then the function of wisdom according to the level of society. Finally it is made a comparison between the ideas of Plato and Farabi