Holy Qur’an and Favorable and Unfavorable Political Culture
Prior to the analysis of political culture in view of Holy Quran, it should be designed a pattern of analysis. In this regard, three indexes of each political-insightful, emotional and value-based culture have been identified. Afterward, it has been considered these three indexes for the two groups of rulers and followers. Next, the general political system, the political decisions, and the citizens in society have been considered for the political culture. Finally, the positive and negative dimensions of political culture of each case have been separated from one another and the combination of these factors has provided the pattern of analysis. After the extraction of the related verses in the political culture analysis in view of Holy Qur’an, three phases have been overtaken: initially, the favorable and unfavorable patterns have been introduced. In this regard, it has been discussed the favorability of government through the specific conditions extracted out of verses and its naturally corruption making on the basis of numerous verses. In the second phase, the favorable and unfavorable political culture of rulers has been exemplified. responsiveness, kindliness, proximity to the wise people, accepting consult, being bound to contracts are the elements of favorable political culture whereas harshness, proximity to flatterers, underestimating people, expecting adoration of them, exclusionism, and the violation of contract are the elements of unfavorable political culture. In the third phase, it has been noted to the followers’ favorable and unfavorable political culture. Reciprocal communal guardianship, obedience according to the book, and the tradition along with collective aware cooperation are the indexes of favorable political culture while obeying blasphemous people, two-faced people, liars, people of oath, risers, and leaders of tribes are the elements of unfavorable political culture.
کلیدواژه ها [English]
Political Culture, Holy Qur’an, Favorable pattern, ruler, citizen