عنوان مقاله [English]
The present writing is to achieve the concept of politics and its conceptual alteration in the history of Iran. It is made an effort to study this concept in the earliest Iranian texts through a conceptual method. The first part is a prelude to evaluate the words of politics and sovereignty. In the second part being the main body of writing, it is investigated the concept of sovereignty concerning the word “khashathra” and its conceptual field in the first Iranian texts of Zoroastrian. khashathra is manifested through the focal meaning of authority, territory and political sovereignty with the three aspects of manifestations.
“Khashathra vairiya” in the convergence with “vohumana” in the heavenly domain has represented the meaning of ideal sovereignty. In the universe, it is also appeared with the status of “hu” (fine) and “dosh” (bad). Fine sovereignty (hukhshathra) in the connection and in line with determined orderliness of Auramazda “asha” and bad sovereignty (doshkhashasra) gets its meaning in the fighting with it and through obeying lie, destruction and harshness (darug).
In the end, the conceptual alteration of sovereignty from gahani kashathra to khashathra the inscriptions of hakhamanshi’s commands would the third and the final part of writing.