عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of this study is to explain the pattern of regionalism of scholars in the Islamic Republic of Iran, its structure and requirements in the field. This model and its application in the field of foreign relations has always been an important issue in the neighborhood and in the field of civilization of the Islamic world. Some emphasize isolationism due to the existing identity differences, and some idealistic, ideological interpretations, far from the realities of the action scene, confront Iran with consequences such as Iranophobia and identity tensions with the surrounding environment. It seems that the drawing path in the statement of the second step of the revolution, by strengthening its requirements, preserving its values and fundamental principles, will provide the most constructive interaction with the surrounding environment in order to provide the national interests of the country optimally in a win-win game. The main question of the article is that the model of the statement of the second step of the revolution in explaining the future status of the Islamic Republic of Iran in the regional and neighborhood system presents a model and what is the normative structure and institutional and social requirements for its realization? Based on the statements of the statement and using the existing theories and experiences, it is possible to reach a pragmatic framework in which science and technology are the focus of the Islamic Republic of Iran's relations in the surrounding region to achieve development and progress within civilization while de-escalating tensions.
The results of the study showed that the most appropriate context for regionalism is relying on the capacities of science and technology and the economy based on it. Also, the principles and rules of conduct should be built towards building a determined, progressive, reliable and flexible image of Iran, in addition to strengthening science and technology diplomacy, appropriate reforms in the institutional structure, especially in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Attention to powerful intermediaries, namely the social forces of the region, is another proposition that brings this model closer to Iran's success and security.