عنوان مقاله [English]
Knowing the self is the first step to know society and even Allah. Since Transcendental Philosophy is a precise and thoughtful system of thinking, Mulla Sadra’s viewpoint towards man and his/her characteristics is also shaped by his philosophical foundations. In this paper, which deals with anthropology in the Transcendental Political Philosophy, after elaborating on some basic concepts, I try to answer the question that what characteristics man has according to Mulla Sadra’s Transcendental Political Philosophy. In answer, it is believed that, on the basis of the theoretical foundation of anthropology in Transcendental Philosophy such as Originality of Existence, its being skeptical, and the existence being changing, man has a civil nature and free will, is acquisitive, rational, in need of law and always in conflict between power and virtues. According to this study, the more man is knowledgeable, the more capacity he will have; thus, the ground will be prepared for him to adopt divine features and moralities.