عنوان مقاله [English]
The paper is to compare a great Islamic philosopher, Mulla Sadra, to a great modern Western philosopher, Martin Heidegger, to find some probable common elements in their political philosophy. The similarity of Mulla Sadra’s and Heidegger’s approaches to the existence of man makes them peculiarly comparable. Both philosophers (each with his own ways) emphasize on the role of action in the realization of man’s existence and believe that man is permanently in action (Heidegger) and interaction with multiplicity and moving towards unity (Mulla Sadra). Thus, Heidegger repeatedly asserts that our fate is determined through being in the society and Mulla Sadra, too, believes that man can achieve ultimate perfection through being in the society. After studying the anthropological foundations of Mulla Sadra and Heidegger and their similarities and differences, the paper comes to the conclusion that though the similar philosophies of existence of these two philosophers leads them to a new outlook towards man and to a deeper understanding of the universe, society, and the political conditions of their time, their political philosophy does not lead them to a similar destination.