عنوان مقاله [English]
Transcendental political philosophy is a God-based school of thought in which He has an essential role in personal and social life. Its major elements are God, man, and nature. The theory of guiding government arises out of a purposeful, goal-oriented school in which all practical and intellectual elements are regulated in accordance with God, resurrection, and the happiness and perfection of man. “The good” is what leads man to God. Whoever is closer to Him can lead the society. Thus, according the above elements, the political philosophy based on this approach is a religious system governed by a philosopher, mystic mujtahid, whether it be in the era of the holy Prophet, the infallible Imams, or during the Occultation of the twelfth Imam. The paper also emphasizes on the fact that without the help of people, a divine leader cannot accomplish his duties. Thus, the model of political system proposed by this school of thought is based on the presence of religion in depth of the society where the leader, too, like all other people, is bound to act according to divine rules.